In 05 August 2013 at 1620H (PHT), a car bomb exploded in a crowded area along Sinsuat Avenue, Cotabato City. There were 8 people killed and 30, mostly innocent people, were seriously wounded. (Photo Courtesy: Zainudin Malang)

July 26. A bomb exploded in Cagayan de Oro City. 8 people were killed; 44 were wounded.

August 05. A car bomb was detonated in Cotabato City, killing 9 people and wounding 30, mostly innocent bystanders.

August 07. An improvised explosive devise (IED) fashioned from a 60 mm mortar projectile blasted in Midsayap, North Cotabato. Thank God, no one was hurt as it prematurely exploded very early in the morning. But later in the afternoon, seven government soldiers of the Army’s 12th Mechanized Company were riding a KM250 light truck on their way to Shariff Aguak when an IED exploded along the road in Barangay Nabundas. All seven soldiers were wounded and were brought to the hospital.

Crying for just-peace. We, at PeaceBuilders Community, Inc. (PBCI), cry for justice for those who were killed and for those who were wounded because of this exceedingly brutal act of crime. Our hearts are with the families of the victims as they adjust to a life without their loved-ones and as they deal with the trauma caused by this senseless violence. We condemn this cowardly act against innocent people and there is no justification whatsoever for this unjust violence.

We call on all authorities, from the national level down to the local level to conduct impartial investigations of all these bombings. We will follow the reports of the authorities as they do their duties and we expect nothing but a just closure of these cases.

Global and local perspectives. The global perspective is that Al Qaeda is threatening US embassies around the world. And we are told that, like a giant octopus, its tentacles will reach remote places like Mindanao. The Hon. Mujiv Hataman, governor of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), noticed that in the Cotabato car-bombing, they used a car bomb which is a common signature in the Middle East. In his opinion, this is the first time this actually happened in this city. Though he is not directly suggesting that this was a Middle East terrorist activity, he does not preclude such possibility. Meanwhile, His Excellency Benigno Simeon Aquino III, President of the Philippines, assured the Filipino people that there is no connection between Al Qaeda terrorism and the Cotabato car-bombing.

The local perspective is that, this might be “the handiwork of a bomb-for-hire group targeting a local city official,” according to the Philippine National Police. In fact, the mayor of Cotabato City had publicly testified that he received threats two weeks before the bombing. He believes that behind this heinous crime are very powerful people. But did he report this threat to his police department immediately after receiving it? Depending on the capacity and intention of the police intelligence, a police report would have been a good source of lead to prevent this apparent assassination attempt.

Another local perspective points to the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF), a break-away group from the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). According to an online report, BIFF was named by a consulting organization who offers risk control and management services to big corporations doing business in Mindanao. BIFF, the report said, “is the only armed group with the capability and the motive to conduct such a terrorist activity” when compared to Nur Misuari’s Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG), MILF (who is now working in partnership with the government towards peace and development), and Al-Khobar Gang (who extorts money from bus companies and other businesses). But we must also take into consideration that, in the past, when there are bombs exploding in Mindanao, the seeming default allegation by the media and by many corporate elites point to the Moro fronts. In this case, the report did not even mention the presence of other non-Moro armed groups operating in the region where Cagayan de Oro is located. Did those risk-consultants consider that those non-Moro, non-state armed groups have the capability of executing such bombing operations too?

From the perspective of the so-called Al Qaeda threat, there seem to be a connection between the Cagayan de Oro and Cotabato bombings. Virtually all cities, municipalities, and barangays in Mindanao are possible terrorist zones, if one will put together all the respective travel advisories from the embassies of the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and Australia. The Hon. Rodrigo Duterte, mayor of Davao City, expressed his respect for the intelligence capabilities of those embassies, along with our own national intelligence reports. So, in response to those travel bans for foreigners, he beefed up Davao City’s security alert.

There are, however, some progressive views that question the real intention behind the global terrorist threat. Take for example the case of the threats against the embassies of the United States. Is the U.S. exaggerating the so-called threat to their embassies to silence the critics of the National Security Agency’s domestic surveillance?

Sow justice, reap peace. The threat to U.S. embassies around the world is real, according to a Washington-based columnist. The solution being considered by the Americans are two-fold: (1) hire the best, though more expensive, security guards (read, ex-soldiers that cannot be absorbed by the employment system of an ailing US economy); and, (2) send more US Marines abroad (mostly recruits from the economically poor American families who are not also absorbed by the employment system of an ailing economy).

They thought that killing Osama bin Laden was the long-term solution for this problem of global terrorism? Now, they seem to be eating their own words!

It’s time for Americans to really review, understand, and evaluate the unjust aspects of their current foreign policies that enslave small nations.

Here’s an old perspective for a long-term solution outside Washington’s current box: Is it time, perhaps, to SOW JUSTICE around the world so that the Americans around the world would also REAP PEACE? “Do not be deceived: God cannot be mocked. A man reaps what he sows.” (Gal. 6:7 NIV)

We’re calling for the advancement of active non-violence among all parties involved in any socio-political conflict, locally and globally. Active non-violent approaches to justice would lead to active non-violent approaches to peace. May God open our hearts and minds!

Fear not, Mindanao! Given the kind of police capabilities and justice system we have, there is general skepticism whether these bombings can really be given closure based on justice. But instead of giving up on hope and allowing fear to paralyze us, it is time to be honest about our anger against injustice. We can harness the energies of this righteous indignation into positive, concerted, active non-violent movements towards justice and peace.

The future of Mindanao is not in the hands of the people behind these bombings. The future of Mindanao belongs to the majority of us who seek justice and peace.

The bottom line in these bombings is to plant fear in our hearts so the real culprits can continue harvesting wealth and power through violence-based economics and corrupt governance.

But fear is behind us. We will not allow fear to enslave our consciousness. We will not allow fear to rule our hearts and minds. We will not allow fear to paralyze us. We will not allow fear to define our identity as Mindanaoans.

We, the people of Mindanao, are determined to live in peace. Peace that is based on justice. Peace that is energizing us in the present. Peace that is the spirit of the future.

And the future is now.


Permanent link to this article: https://waves.ca/2013/08/07/fear-not-mindanao-reflections-on-the-recent-bombings/


We are sent by Mennonite Church Canada Witness in partnership with our international community.